Updated: Aug 14, 2019
By Dr. Randy Kulman, Ph.D.
While there is a popular belief that 21st-century children do not read, 60% of kids ages 6-17 report that they read for fun. Although an older report from the publisher Scholastic suggests that there has been a slight decline in the number of frequent readers since 2010, there is also a steady increase in the percentage of children who read e-books. In a survey conducted in 2012, 46% of children had read an e-book, compared to only 25% in 2010.
As a child psychologist, I have observed that reading has become increasingly important in the 21st century but that our definition of reading needs to change. Reading is no longer restricted to hardcover/softcover books, newspapers, or magazines. 21st-century reading is an activity that occurs when people look at a text message, listen to a book on an iPod, check out a favorite website, watch a YouTube video with text, or read on a tablet. Most of this type of reading is a solitary endeavor. In my work, I give away hundreds of comic books- I figure if that inspires reading, then kids will look for other books to read. I also devote 2 shelves to books I purchase from library sales, such as the Harry Potter series or my favorites, ‘The Ranger’s Apprentice Series, to give away to willing and reluctant readers.
Even with all of the power of electronic media, however, reading is often still best experienced as a family activity. Reading to your child is one of the most meaningful things you can do as a parent. Powerful research indicates that parental reading to preschoolers leads directly to language growth, emergent literacy, and future reading achievements. Reading to your children helps them to learn the skill of reading and provides them with knowledge, skills, and questions about their world and an opportunity for nurturance and closeness.
I fondly recall cuddling with my sons and reading to each of them when they were toddlers and pre-readers. As they began to develop their reading skills, they would proudly want to read a book with me. As they got older we sometimes read together before they went to sleep at night. They would take a seat beside me on the couch, and (if I didn’t fall asleep too soon) we would each read silently and independently, a shared opportunity for closeness in a favorite activity.
When my children were learning to read in the 1990s there were not many other options for reading beyond the traditional bound book. There were books on cassettes, and I recall that at the age of 2, my son Seth was able to “read” the book Patrick’s Dinosaurs after he had listened to it 10 times or more while on a car trip.